The collection of best practices related to policymaking in the integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers is based on the research undergone by the SIRIUS project partners for Work Package 3. The examples do not provide an exhaustive list, and the list remains open for all stakeholders to provide more content by using this form.
The aim is to ensure that this remains a living community in which stakeholders can make each other aware of innovative policymaking solutions that can be adapted to various contexts to ensure a successful integration of newcomers on European labour markets. Keenly aware of the contextual differences, the SIRIUS project partners urge stakeholders to always consider the specificity of their situation before resorting to implementing any of the tried and tested practices from below.
1. Employability fund and Scottish Employability Pipeline
These schemes, implemented by the Scottish Government, Skills Development Scotland and other third-party organisations since 2013, aim to improve learner progressions along the skills and employability pipeline. The specific objectives of the Fund include supporting activity tailored to meet individuals’ needs; a focus on progressing individuals into sustained employment; to be responsive to employer demand; and to complement other funded activity at the local level. The Employability pipeline instead provides a framework to support the effective delivery of employability services. All support programmes to improve employability for the young workforce (Community Jobs Scotland and Fair Work Scotland), to increase the opportunities for employability through training (Certificate of Work Readiness) and to support the establishment of new businesses (Business Gateway) are accessible through these avenues.
2. Structured response to race equality and anti-discrimination
A commitment to an environment that genuinely integrates migrants, refugees and asylum seekers is a prerequisite for any future action regarding labour market participation. The mentality of the native population and the way in which the society is organised can fundamentally impact how easy the integration process advances. A first step in this process is the development of a comprehensive policy and legal architecture aimed at equality of opportunities. The UK boasts a series of strategies and action plans linked to combatting discrimination.
- 2010 Antidiscrimination policy for MRAAs - Equality Act: prohibits direct and indirect discrimination, harassment and victimisation. It protects people, including refugees and asylum seekers, from discrimination on the basis of the protected characteristics of: age; disability; gender reassignment; marriage and civil partnership; pregnancy and maternity; race; religion or belief; sex; and sexual orientation.
- 2010 Antidiscrimination policy for migrants workers in the workplace - Equality Act Part 5 Work: ensures that Black, Asian and ethnic minority workers are not discriminated against and have equality of opportunity in the workplace.
- 2016 Hate Crime Action Plan: sets out a comprehensive four year programme to prevent hate crime.
- 2015 Modern Slavery Act: gives law enforcement the tools to fight modern slavery, ensure perpetrators can receive severe punishments fs and enhance support and protection for victims.
- Race Equality Framework for Scotland 2016 to 2030: sets out the Scottish Government’s approach to promoting race equality and tackling racism and racial inequality between 2016 and 2030.
3. Integrated Communities English Language Programme
This new programme (2019) builds on the previous one (Community based English language programme) and it provides free support for people with no or very little English where this is a significant factor in their isolation. Classes are held in community settings (e.g. community centres, libraries, family centres, etc.) and delivered outside of a usual adult education location.The programme has been positively reviewed as the English competences of the participants have significantly improved, while the learning setting, outside adult education, provides a chance for the newcomers to better integrate in their new communities.