Publications - WP Reports and results

Athena Belegri-Roboli, Panayotis G.Michaelides, Konstantinos N. Konstantakis, Maria Markaki, Theocharis Marinos - National Technical University of Athens

WP1 - Employability of MRAs in the SIRIUS Country (Delivery 1.4)

The first part of this report aims at identifying the SIRIUS economies and the sectors of economic activity that could be considered as being “labour absorbing”, using aggregate national data for the time period 2008-2016. Econometrically, in order to take into consideration the complex labour dynamics among the various SIRIUS economies as well as the potential spillover effects among the various countries, this report employed a GVAR model for all the economies. In this context, using the GVAR framework, the dynamic interlinkages and the potential spillover effects among the various SIRIUS economies will be uncovered. The implicit assumption, in this framework, is that there is labour mobility among the various economies. Therefore, the results of the GVAR estimation pinpointed the labour absorbing economies in the dataset. At the second step, this report analysed the labour absorbing sectors in the SIRIUS economies. A labour absorbing sector, identified in the second step, implies that this specific sector could attract, independently, more labour from the rest of the sectors in order to increase its production. 
The estimation of the sectoral VAR/VEC models in the second step was conducted using sectoral data for the economies of Switzerland (CH), the Czech Republic (CZ), Finland (FI) and the United Kingdom (UK), Greece (GR), Denmark (DK) and Italy (IT), that cover the four main sectors of economic activity, i.e. Primary sector (A, Nace Rev.2), Secondary sector (B-F, Nace Rev.2), Manufacturing sector (C, Nace Rev.2), and tertiary sector (G-U, Nace Rev.2), that capture each sector’s output (Y) and Labour (L), were employed.


Michelle Pace and Dogus Simsek - RUC University and Koç University

SIRIUS - First Working Paper

This paper outlines the academic debates on the topic of migrant and refugee integration. Given the diversity of migratory statuses, experiences and conditions around the world, we argue that the concept of integration needs to be carefully unpacked and contextualized. In rethinking integration, we contend that integration is not just about macro-level policy-making decisions, meso-level implementation or political discourses on these. A conception of integration must also include the perspective of those that are being told that they have to integrate. We therefore pay particular attention to the aspirations, experiences and actions of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers (MRAs), whether “integration” is a concept they think about, how “integration” is interpreted by these targeted subjects and how the diverse nature of migrants and their multiple characteristics shape integration opportunities and challenges.

Athena Belegri-Roboli, Panayotis G.Michaelides, Konstantinos N. Konstantakis, Maria Markaki, Theocharis Marinos - National Technical University of Athens

WP1 Report - Labour Market Barriers and Enablers (Delivery 1.2)

The main aim of this report was to conduct a comparative statistical analysis of the SIRIUS database - in order to determine: i) the position of post-2014 migrants, refugees and asylum seekers (MRAs) in the labour market of their host country and ii) the main features of the host countries’ labour markets focusing on the sectoral structure and the relevant skills and occupations. In this context, the particular goals of the report are the investigation of: (a) the MRAs flows for the SIRIUS countries and the MRAs’ integration opportunities into the corresponding labour markets; (b) the SIRIUS countries labour markets’ sectoral and occupational specialisation, and (c) the labour market determinants.To this end, the MRAs position and the labour market’s analysis is conducted at the country level, followed by a comparative report. Probabilistic Panel Data models have been employed to econometrically investigate how the flows of MRAs affect their employment opportunities in the labour market. Furthermore, Dynamic Panel Data analysis has been undertaken to investigate the determinants of labour market dynamics for each economy. 

The analyses of labour markets and economic infrastructure in the selected seven countries in the SIRIUS project highlight the relevance of three main factors that should be considered when developing strategies for the labour market integration of migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers. Firstly, there is the unevenness of types of economies and labour markets among European countries, secondly they host MRAs with different educational attainments and capacities, and, thirdly the asymmetric effect of the 2008 global financial crisis and its consequences for each of the eight countries that are the focus of our research.


Veronica Federico - University of Florence

WP2 Report - Legal Barriers and Enablers (Delivery 2.2)

This report assesses how far legal frameworks of migration and asylum work as enablers or obstructers of non-EU migrants, refugees and asylum applicants’ (MRAAs) integration in European labour markets across the seven countries studied in SIRIUS (the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). To fulfil such a main objective, the work has been organised in three principal streams of activities: (1) gathering and critically analysing information on the political, legal and institutional context of migration governance, and illustrating national cases through country reports, and the EU framework legislation in the EU report; (2) comparing the national case-studies and discussing the outcome in a comparative report; and (3) retrieving and systematizing a number of indicators available in the most relevant databases in order to create an ad hoc dataset on socio-economic, cultural, political and legal indicators on migration covering all SIRIUS countries. This report is the product of the first two streams of activities. When legal issues are at stake, MRAAs integration heavily depends from the country they settle in and from the legal status that is recognized to them. In fact, entry and settlement in European countries is subject to strict limitations to non-EU nationals, but such limitations take different shades according to a given European country and a given migrant status.


University of Florence

WP2 - Comparative Dataset on Socio-Cultural, Political and Legal Indicators (Delivery 2.1)

The purpose of the database is to provide information of the legal, socio-cultural, political context of Europe at times of refugee crisis. In particular, the comparative database includes a systematic set of indicators measuring the macro-level conditions under which legal frameworks and measures are most effective to integrate migrants, refugees, asylums seekers post-2014 (MRAs) into the labour market of European countries. The database draws on data spanning the time period 2010-2017 and covers 7 countries: Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland and UK. We gathered systematic comparative data on: social conditions (e.g. income inequalities, state expenditures for labour market, union membership and density, employment protection, childcare, etc.) using existing sources (e.g., Eurostat, OECD); political, institutional and legal features (e.g. configuration of power, party polarization, the structure of the state and the decentralisation process, fundamental rights, political discrimination of minority groups, etc.) using existing sources (e.g., the Comparative Political Data Set at the University of Bern, Democracy Barometer); citizens’ subjective attitudes and behaviours (e.g. social and political attitudes, social and political behaviours, social life) using existing comparative surveys (e.g., the European Social Survey, Democracy Barometer, IPSOS and the Eurobarometer’s surveys). This data set is suited for cross-national, longitudinal and pooled time series analyses.