POLICY BRIEF N. 4 – NOVEMBER 2019
Civil society organizations (CSOs) play a crucial role in the implementation of labour market integration policies and services. The importance of CSOs, following the so-called migration crisis, has even increased since 2014 as the public sector struggled to satisfy the increased demand for labour market integration services. The post-2014 era contributed to a higher diversification of civil society organisations and to the emergence of transnational solidarity movements operating independently of the institutionalised systems of integration, national funding, and transnational intergovernmental organisations. The support of CSOs is often vital as regards the assistance provided to refugees and asylum seekers.
Against this backdrop, the aim of this policy brief is to understand both the demand and supply expected from and provided by CSOs in the area of labour market integration services. In other words, the SIRIUS project focused not only on how CSOs react to the needs of MRAs but also on what MRAs expect and receive from them.
Therefore, in this policy brief we present evidence and policy considerations about the role CSOs play in labour market integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers (MRAs), with the aim to present the key areas of labour market integration initiatives, following an overview of social processes and mechanisms that operate as barriers or enablers of post-2014 MRAs integration in European labour markets across the seven countries studied in SIRIUS (the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). We focus on post-2014 MRAs given the peak in migration and asylum figures Europe has experienced in 2015 and 2016.